Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study

Type of Structure: program
Regional Scope: global
Parent Organisations: FutureEarth, IGBP, SCOR, WCRP, CACGP
Child Organisations:
Duration : 2001 to present
Contact Address: Dr. Emilie Breviere
Research and Development
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI)
Folkborgsvägen 17
SE-60176 Norrköping
Phone: +46 (0)11 495 8303 ; +46 (0)737 659585
e-Mail: emilie.breviere(at)

holding an official function in SOLAS

General information and objectives

Focus 1. Biogeochemical Interactions and Feedbacks Between Ocean and Atmosphere

The objective is to quantify feedback mechanisms involving biogeochemical coupling across the air-sea interface which can only be achieved by studying the ocean and atmosphere in concert. These couplings include emissions of trace gases of importance in atmospheric chemistry and climate, deposition of nutrients that control marine biological activity and carbon uptake, and the production of chemically-active particles by bubble bursting.

Focus 2. Exchange Processes at the Air-Sea Interface and the Role of Transport and Transformation in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers

The objective is to develop a quantitative understanding of processes responsible for air-sea exchange of mass, momentum and energy to permit accurate calculation of regional and global fluxes. This requires establishing the dependence of these interfacial transfer mechanisms on physical, biological, and chemical factors within the boundary layers and the horizontal and vertical transport and transformation processes that determine these exchanges.

Focus 3 - Air-Sea Flux of CO2 and Other Long-Lived Radiatively Active Gases

The objective is to develop a quantitative understanding of the upper ocean mechanisms which create the regional, seasonal and interannual structure and variation of these fluxes in order to assess their sensitivity to variations in environmental forcing. The air-sea CO2 flux is a key inter-reservoir exchange within the global carbon cycle. Experimental, observational and modeling studies linking biological uptake, respiration, marine calcification and mixed-layer physics with upper ocean CO2 are necessary to predict changes in oceanic carbon uptake over the next century. The ocean also plays a key role in the global budgets of other long-lived radiatively gases including N2O and to some extent CH4.

There are several Common Issues to SOLAS, which includes modelling, remote sensing, time series, coastal zones, and palaeo research.

For further details, link to the SOLAS Home Page
Download program details as PDF or URL

Last update: 2/18/15
Source of data: ProClim- Research InfoSystem (1993-2020)

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