Güsewell Sabine

Entwicklung von Strassenböschungsansaaten im Schweizerischen Nationalpark
Developmet of seedings on embankments in the Swiss National Park


Project Number: CH-1178
Project Type: Permanent/Monitoring_Project
Project Duration: 01/01/1969 - 12/31/2019
Funding Source: ETH ,
Project Leader: PD Dr. Sabine Güsewell
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related to this project.
for which the project has a relevance.


Research Areas:
Local scale
Verkehr
Bergwald
Mountain Biodiversity
Protected Areas
Biodiversity

Disciplines:
botanics
general biology

Keywords:
Saatmischungen
subalpine Stufe
Strassenböschungen
vegetation change
succesional trends
biodiversity

Abstract:
Protected areas in the Alps are dissected by high-traffic roads for tourist access and transit. Road construction leaves disturbed areas with open soil, which may serve as starting points for the invasion of alien plants or ruderal lowland plants into the protected mountain habitats. In the 1960s, a transit road was widened in the Swiss National Park (SNP) and disturbed roadsides were sown with mixtures of grassland species. Roadside development and vegetation dynamics in the adjacent subalpine pine (Pinus mugo) forest were monitored in permanent plots from 1969 till 2010. Over the 42-year monitoring period, the sown species disappeared progressively and were replaced by species from naturally disturbed areas as well as by forest species. A standard seed mixture and native seeds introduced with local hay developed similarly. Sown species did not expand into the natural habitats and no alien species colonized the roadsides, despite the long-term persistence of open soil. The impact of roadsides on the local flora was therefore minimal. Ecological indicator values suggest that the development of roadsides in the SNP was determined by harsh conditions resulting from a continental subalpine climate and poorly developed soils on dolomite. Therefore, the developments observed in the SNP and the proposed low impact of roadsides on the natural vegetation may not hold for other Alpine regions with different geology and a more oceanic climate.

Leading questions:
Verfolgen der Persistenz und Ausbreitung von Arten aus verschiedenen Begrünungs-Saatmischungen, welche nach dem Strassenbau an Strassenböschungen entlang der Ofenpassstrasse ausgebracht wurden.

Publications:
Klötzli F 1991: Zum Einfluss von Strassenböschungsansaaten auf die umliegende naturnähere Vegetation am Beispiel des Schweizerischen Nationalparks. Lauf. Sem. beitr. 3/91: 114 -123. Akad. Natursch. Landschaftspfl. (ANL), Laufen/Salzach.

Sabine Güsewell, Frank Klötzli (2012). Local plant species replace initially sown species on roadsides in the Swiss National Park. eco.mont 4-1, 23-33.
doi:10.1553/eco.mont-4-1s23
http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/?arp=0x002b073e



Last update: 12/23/16
Source of data: ProClim- Research InfoSystem (1993-2020)
Update the data of project: CH-1178

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