Brang Peter

Monitoring Naturwaldreservate Schweiz
Monitoring of Swiss Natural Forest Reserves


Project Number: CH-3769
Project Type: Permanent/Monitoring_Project
Project Duration: 01/31/1978 - 12/31/2025
Funding Source: BAFU , ETH ,
Project Leader: Dr. Peter Brang
Research program leader
Forest resources and management
WSL
Zürcherstrasse 111
8903 Birmensdorf
Phone: +41 (0) 44 739 24 86 ; +41 (0) 77 409 77 82
FAX: +41 (0) 44 739 22 15
e-Mail: brang(at)wsl.ch
http://www.wsl.ch

related to this project.
for which the project has a relevance.


Research Areas:
Monitoring

Disciplines:
engineering sciences
forestry

Keywords:
Natural forest reserves, monitoring, forest structure, forest dynamics, biodiversity, sample inventory, Switzerland, Aletschwald

Abstract:
In this long-term project, we study Swiss forest reserves based on a nationwide consistent concept. It is intended to give federal authorities a basis for policy controlling in the field of forest reserves and to enhance the understanding of forest succession without human intervention. The monitoring encompasses forest structure and tree characteristics which are important as habitats for organisms. It combines surveys on some 95 ha of core areas of 0.1 to 3.3 ha size with an inventory on some 1700 sampling plots, similar to those used in the Swiss National Forest Inventory. The monitoring takes place in 14 forest reserves with intensive observation and in about 30 reserves with extensive observation. Those reserves which have been observed for 20 to 50 years by ETH play an important role in the reserve network. The monitoring will provide information about forest and habitat structures for wide-spread phyto-sociological communities.

Leading questions:
  • What are the characteristics of forest dynamics in reserves in comparison to managed forests, in particular with respect to tree regeneration, competition, ageing, mortality as well as emergence and decay of dead wood?
  • To what degree do habitats important for many organisms such as veteran trees, snags, hollows and dead wood occur more frequently in natural forest reserves than in managed forests?
  • What are the main drivers of forest dynamics in unmanaged forests?

    URL: http://www.waldreservate.ch

    Publications:
        Brang P, Filli F, Bugmann H, Heiri C. 2011. Der Nationalpark - das Reich der Bergföhre.
        In: Brang P, Heiri C, Bugmann H. (Red.) Waldreservate. 50 Jahre natürliche Waldentwicklung in der Schweiz. Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL; Zürich, ETH Zürich. Bern, Stuttgart, Wien, Haupt. 220-231.
      • Brang P, Heiri C, Bugmann H (Red.) 2011. Waldreservate. 50 Jahre natürliche Waldentwicklung in der Schweiz. Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL; Zürich, ETH Zürich. Bern, Stuttgart, Wien, Haupt. 271 S.
      • Brang P, Heiri C. 2010.
        Forschung in Naturwaldreservaten. Bündner Wald 63, 3: 15-20.
      • Heiri C, Brändli U-B, Bugmann H, Brang P. 2012.
        Sind Naturwaldreservate naturnäher als der Schweizer Wald? Schweiz. Z. Forstwes. 163, 6: 210-221.
      • Heiri C, Wolf A, Rohrer L, Brang P, Bugmann H. 2012. Successional pathways in Swiss mountain forest reserves. Eur. J. For. Res. 131: 503-518.
      • Reusser J, Heiri C, Weber P, Bugmann H. 2010. Beziehungen zwischen Baum- und Krautschicht in Buchenmischwäldern. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 161(4): 147-156.
      • Brang P, Bugmann H. 2010. Der Wald hat ein gutes Gedächtnis. Cratschla 2010/2: 12-15.
      • Brang P, Heiri C. 2010. Forschung in Naturwaldreservaten. Bündnerwald 63(6): 15-20.
      • Tinner R, Stadler A, Brang P. 2010. Aufnahmemethode für Kernflächen in schweizerischen Naturwaldreservaten. Version 1.0 Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft WSL.
      • Brang P. 2010. Forschung in Naturwaldreservaten [Flyer]. Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL, Birmensdorf, 2 S.
      • Brang P. 2010. La recherche dans les réserves forestières naturelles [Flyer]. Institut fédéral de recherches WSL, Birmensdorf, 2 p.
      • Heiri C, Brang P. 2010. Naturwaldreservat Leihubelwald. [Flyer]. Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL, Birmensdorf, 2 S.
      • Heiri C, Brang P. 2010. Forest reserve Leihubelwald. [Flyer]. Swiss federal research institute WSL, Birmensdorf, 2 S.
      • Heiri C. 2009. Stand dynamics in Swiss forest reserves: an analysis based on long-term forest reserve data and dynamic modelling. PhD dissertation, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 155 p.
      • Heiri C, Wolf A, Rohrer L, Bugmann H. 2009. Forty years of natural dynamics in Swiss beech forests: structure, composition and the influence of former management. Ecol Applic 19: 1920-1934
      • Brang P, Hallenbarter D, Rohrer L, Commarmot B, Heiri C, Tinner R, Bugmann H. 2009. Insights from 50 years of research in natural forest dynamics in Switzerland. 4th Symposium of the Hohe Tauern National Park for Research in Protected Areas, September 17th to 19th, 2009, Castle of Kaprun. K. Bauch. Kaprun, Hohe Tauern National Park Salzburg: 41-44.
      • Brang P, Rohrer L, Commarmot B, Tinner R, Bugmann H. 2009. Monitoring approach for forest reserves in Switzerland. 4th Symposium of the Hohe Tauern National Park for Research in Protected Areas, September 17th to 19th, 2009, Castle of Kaprun. K. Bauch. Kaprun, Hohe Tauern National Park Salzburg: 45-47.
      • Brang P, Bugmann H. 2009. Naturwaldreservat St. Jean. [Flyer] Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL; Zürich, ETH Zürich; Bern, Bundesamt für Umwelt. 6 S.
      • Bugmann H, Brang P. 2009. Von der Natur lernen. Tec21 25: 26-29.
      • Bugmann H, Brang P. 2009. Ausgewählte Ergebnisse aus fünfzig Jahren Forschung in Schweizer Naturwaldreservaten. Langzeitforschung für eine nachhaltige Waldnutzung. Forum für Wissen 2009: 93-102.
      • Brang P, Commarmot B, Rohrer L, Bugmann H. 2008. Monitoringkonzept für Naturwaldreservate in der Schweiz. [published online February 2008] Available from World Wide Web . Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft WSL; Zürich, ETH Zürich, Professur für Waldökologie. 58 S.
      • Wunder J, Brzeziecki B, Zybura H, Reineking B, Bigler C, Bugmann H. 2008. Growth-mortality relationships as indicators of life-history strategies: a comparison of nine tree species in unmanaged European forests. Oikos, in press.
      • Commarmot B, Chumak V, Duelli P, Küffer N, Lovas P, Shparyk Y. 2007. Buchen-Urwälder als Referenz für Naturschutz und Waldbewirtschaftung. Forschungsergebnisse aus den ukrainischen Karpaten. Nat Landsch 82, 9/10: 398-400
      • Wunder, J., 2007. Conceptual advancement and ecological applications of tree mortality models based on tree-ring and forest inventory data. Ph.D. Thesis No. 17197, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zrich, 154 pp.
      • Wunder, J., Reineking, B., Matter, J.-F., Bigler, C. & Bugmann, H., 2007. Predicting tree death of Fagus sylvatica and Abies alba using permanent plot data. Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 525-534.
      • Commarmot B, Mayer P, Stadler B. 2005. Country report Switzerland. Pp. 369-398 in: Latham J, Frank G, Fahy O, Kirby K, Miller H, Stiven R (Herausgeber). COST Action E27 Protected Forest Areas in Europe - Analysis and Harmonisation (PROFOR): Reports of Signatory States. Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (BFW), Vienna, Austria, 413 pp.
      • Commarmot B, Bachofen H, Bundziak Y, Bürgi A, Ramp B, Shparyk Y, Sukhariuk D, Viter R, Zingg A. 2005. Structures of virgin and managed beech forests in Uholka (Ukraine) and Sihlwald (Switzerland): a comparative study. For Snow Landsc Res 79, 1/2: 45-56.
      • Commarmot B. (ed.) 2005. Natural Forests in the Temperate Zone of Europe: biological, social and economic aspects. For Snow Landsc Res 79, 1/2: 1-194
      • Commarmot B, Bachofen H, Bürgi A, Zingg A. 2005. Structures of virgin and managed beech forests in Uholka (Ukraine) and Sihlwald (Switzerland: a comparative study. For Snow Landsc Res 79, 1/2: 45-56
      • Bigler, C. & Bugmann, H., 2004. Predicting the time of tree death using dendrochronological data. Ecological Applications 14(3): 902-914.
      • Bigler, C., 2003. Growth-dependent tree mortality: ecological processes and modeling approaches based on tree-ring data. Ph.D. Thesis No. 15145, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zrich, 131 pp.
      • Bigler, C. & Bugmann, H., 2003. Growth-dependent tree mortality models based on tree-rings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33(2): 210-221.





    Last update: 4/18/17
    Source of data: ProClim- Research InfoSystem (1993-2020)
    Update the data of project: CH-3769

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