Mark Alexander Lever

Prof. Mark Alexander Lever
Environmental Microbiology
Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, Department of Environmental Systems Science
ETH Zürich
Universitätstrasse 16
CH-8092 Zürich

E-mail: mark.lever(at)
Personal URL: link

Additional functions:
Scientific Advisory Committee member, International Center for Deep Life Investigation (, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China (since 2020).

Co-Convener of “International Workshop on microbial life under extreme energy limitation” ( with Bo Barker Jørgensen, Tori Hoehler, Victoria Orphan, and Jan Amend, Sandbjerg Castle, Denmark, September 7-11, 2020, postponed to September 2022 due to COVID-19.

Member of Science Planning Committee for "Deep Carbon 2019" conference, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA, October 24-26, 2019.

Steering Committee Member, Deep Life initiative of Deep Carbon Observatory , Sloan Foundation (, 2017-2019.

Vice Chair of network “Impact of Fluid Circulation in old oceanic Lithosphere on the seismicity of transform-type plate boundaries: neW solutions for early seismic monitoring of major European Seismogenic zones”, European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), September 2014-18.

Key Publications of Mark Alexander Lever (up to ten) :
Han X, Schubert CJ, Fiskal A, Dubois N, Lever MA (2020) Eutrophication as a driver of microbial community structure in lake sediments. Environ Microbiol 22:3446-3462.

Deng L, Bölsterli D, Kristensen E, Meile C, Su C-C, Bernasconi SM, Seidenkrantz M-S, Lagostina L, Han X, Glombitza C, Jørgensen BB, Røy H, Lever MA (2020) Macrofaunal control of microbial community structure in continental margin sediments. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 117:15911-15922.

Zhu R, Tolu J, Deng L, Fiskal A, Winkel L, Lever MA (2020) Improving the extraction efficiency of sedimentary carbohydrates by sequential hydrolysis. Organic Geochem 141:103963.

Fiskal A, Deng L, Michel A, Eickenbusch P, Han X, Lagostina L, Zhu R, Sander M, Schroth MH, Bernasconi SM, Dubois N, Lever MA (2019) Effects of eutrophication on sedimentary organic carbon cycling in five temperate lakes. Biogeosciences 16:3725-3746.

Eickenbusch P, Takai K, Sissmann O, Suzuki S, Menzies C, Sakai S, Sansjofre P, Tasumi E, Bernasconi SM, Glombitza C, Jørgensen BB, Morono Y, Lever MA (2019) Origin of short-chain organic acids in serpentinite mud volcanoes of the Mariana Convergent Margin.

Torti A, Jørgensen BB, Lever MA (2018) Preservation of microbial DNA in marine sediments: insights from extracellular DNA pools. Environ Microbiol 20:4526-4542.

Chen X, Andersen TJ, Morono Y, Inagaki F, Jørgensen BB, Lever MA (2017) Bioturbation as a key driver behind the dominance of Bacteria over Archaea in near-surface sediment. Scientific Reports 7:2400.

Torti A, Lever MA, Jørgensen BB (2015) Origin, dynamics, and implications of extracellular DNA pools in marine sediments. Marine Genomics 3:185-196.

Lever MA, Rogers K, Lloyd KG, Overmann JO, Schink B, Thauer RK, Hoehler TM, Jørgensen BB (2015) Microbial life under extreme energy limitation: a synthesis of laboratory- and field-based investigations. FEMS Microbiol Rev 39:688-728.

Lever MA*, Torti A, Eickenbusch P, Michaud AB, S?ntl-Temkiv T, Jørgensen BB (2015) A modular method for the extraction of DNA and RNA, and the separation of DNA pools from diverse environmental sample types. Frontiers Microbiol 6:476.

Expertise of Mark Alexander Lever:
Expertise CategorySpecific Expertise
Expert TypeScientific / Fundamental Research
Topic HydrosphereFresh Water Systems / Rivers / Lakes
Topic PedosphereGeology / Sediments
Topic LithosphereGeochemical Processes
Sediments: Formation, Dynamics, Metamorphism
Magmatic Rocks: Formation, Metamorphism
Topic BiospherePlants
Topic Integrated SystemsCarbon Cycle
Biogeochemical Cycles except Carbon
Nutrient Cycle / Food Chain
Life Cycle
Topic EcosystemsEcosystems
Marine Ecosystems
Topic TechnologyBiotechnology
Topic SocietyOrganisations / Institutions
Education / Communication / Participation
Topic HealthPollution Effects / Water Quality
Topic SustainabilityEcological Sustainability
Social Sustainability
Spatial ZonesMountain / Highland
Coastal Zone
Open Ocean
Spatial ScaleGlobal / Hemispheric
Local / Community
Time FramePast
Past: Quarternary
Past: Tertiary
Past: Cretaceous
Past: Jurassic
Past: Triassic
Past: Palaeozoic
Past: Precambrian
Recent / Today
Statistical FocusMean Change / Trends
Time ScaleSeasonal / Annual
Decadal / Centennial
100 kyr
Billenial (Mio yrs)
MethodsData Collection
Data Collection - Measurement
Data Analysis
Literature Study
Applied Research / Technology
Integrated Assessment

Specialties of Mark Alexander Lever:
Environmental microbiology, biogeochemistry, microbial ecology, geomicrobiology, ecosystem ecology

Last update: 4/14/21
Source of data: ProClim- Research InfoSystem (1993-2021)
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